Home Lighting Planning


Home lighting is an important part of interior design. This is how to map it out and brighten your space.

Lighting in your home is a very important thing if you're redoing your room or building an extension. Rethink the lighting that you've got and where your electrical sockets are. If we look at interior design drawings, they are done to scale using a scale ruler. A scale ruler has different measurements on different sizes.

There are three types of lighting to optimize the quality of light particularly in rooms which get a lot of use. The first one is general lighting which is your ceiling pendant or down lights in the ceiling.

Then what you should consider is your task lighting. Your task lighting is the lamps, your floor lamps, your table lamps. It gives another level of light in the room.

The third type of lighting is accent lighting and that's the type of lighting you would use to lighten the inside of shelves or maybe have a little spot that goes on to a picture. That's all accent lighting. It is not necessary but it accentuates certain things that you might want to call attention to in your room.

What you would do in a plan is measure out the space. Measure it out in reality with measuring tape and then draw it to scale and put in your furniture - chairs, sofa, coffee table, a TV cabinet and a fireplace. Now, you have to think about where you want your lighting. For this you need to know where your furniture's going to go.

So, put a ceiling pendant light in the center and that's going to be on one switch, a dimmer switch. Then, do a circuit of recessed down-lights in the ceiling which are all directional. So, it's a different switch on the wall, another dimmer switch and it's connected to four lights. Because they're directional, if you do have some art prints on the wall, you can direct the light to the pictures.

Now, aside from that, you also have a floor lamp which needs a socket in the wall. Put another double socket in the wall and circle anything that's a new socket that doesn't exist already so the electrician knows that it's a new socket he has to put in.

So you've got sockets for the TV, the AV equipment, and a TV point. So your electrician knows that he has to put all those things into that wall and they're all new.

If you wanted to do this for yourself on graph paper, that's quite easy.

Measure out the length and width of your room. You need to mark in where your fireplace is, where your door into the room is. Once you measured your room, just draw in the measurements, the length, the width and where your windows and doors are, and then think about where you want your furniture to go.

A quick way is to use a separate piece of paper, measure the sofa and then just draw a square on the paper and cut it out. This is a scale version of your sofa and you're able to move it around on the base. Do the same for any furniture. That's where you decide where to have your central ceiling light, your lamps, other lighting and whether you're going to have some cupboards, shelving or pictures that you want to put some accent lighting in.

If you want to have a little reading light, put a circle in the floor with the little symbol for a plug which is a little line to the loop and a little line on top. That's the symbol for a floor socket so your electrician knows that he has to wire that socket before the wood flooring is put down.